Transcription of HHV-6 genes was rare, but occurred most often in cells with the highest levels of EBV transcription.
The EBV-immortalized lymphoblastoid cell lines HG00362 and HG01277 contain inherited chromosomally-integrated HHV-6A (iciHHV-6A) and HHV-6B (iciHHV-6B), respectively. Past bulk RNA-seq experiments have found little evidence of HHV-6 gene transcription in these cell lines.
An investigator at Barnard College, Columbia University, conducted single-cell RNAseq studies of HHV-6, EBV and host gene transcription in these cell lines. In those cells with the highest levels of EBV gene transcription there was also transcription of HHV-6 genes (Figure 1), below. The study provides no information on the mechanisms by which high levels of EBV gene transcription encourage HHV-6 gene transcription.
The authors argue that EBV-immortalized cell lines containing iciHHV-6 may be a model for studying the mechanisms by which these viruses trans-activate each other.
Read the full article: Miranda 2023