Investigators from the La Jolla Institute of Immunology used high-resolution confocal microscopy to detect high levels of HHV-6 protein in the pancreatic islet cells from donors with type 1 diabetes.
C. trachomatis infection activates latent HHV-6, and HHV-6 in turn promotes persistence of C. trachomatis. Both have been reported in cases of ovarian cancer, leaving the authors to wonder if a co-infection might increase the risk for developing ovarian cancer.
Growing evidence implicates HHV-6, especially HHV-6A, in some cases of female infertility, miscarriage, and other gestational problems affecting both the mother and child. The authors of the paper wonder if heparin, an anticoagulant with antiviral properties often used to treat infertility, might mitigate the detrimental effects of HHV-6 in the uterine environment.
Investigators by at the University of Ferrara report intriguing alterations in intracellular regulation of HHV-6A-infected thyrocytes and T cells. HHV-6A, but not HHV-6B nor HHV-7, altered expression of several microRNAs in a pattern that is considered a marker for patients with autoimmune thyroid disease.
A pregnant ciHHV-6B woman with a history of miscarriages was given weekly doses of high dose progesterone. Could progesterone, like hydrocortisone, activate integrated ciHHV-6 in vitro.
Investigators have found that HHV-6 DNA and mRNA are more prevalent in the autoimmune thyroiditis biopsies than in controls, according to investigators in Latvia. HHV-6 mRNA was found in 41% of the patient biopsies compared to 6% of controls.
A new study reported that HHV-6A infects the lining of the uterus in 43% of women with unexplained infertility but cannot be found in uterine lining of fertile women. Furthermore, the cytokine and the natural killer cell profiles were very different in patients with the infection. HHV-6A was found only in uterine endothelial cells, and not in the blood.
A recent study from investigators at Chongqing University in China explored the involvement of three viruses in the progression of pituitary adenomas (PA). The authors suggest that the HPV-16 and HHV-6 viruses activate the TLR3/ NF-kB signaling pathway which in turn contributes to the progression and proliferation of invasive pituitary adenomas.
Human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) has been associated with several autoimmune diseases. A recent study led by Rizzo and Caselli have found a possible link to Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis (HT). They report that HHV-6 infection correlated with higher levels of a particular type of NK cell associated with a potent release of cytokines.
HHV-6A infection of mesothelial cells causes HLA molecule modulation. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that human mesothelial cells are susceptible to HHV-6A infection. They also show that the virus causes modulated HLA expression on the cell surface, inducing the de novo expression of HLA class II and HLA-G
Case report describes two cases of DRESS related thyroiditis with very high levels of HHV-6 reactivation that go on to develop autoimmunity.
A group from Italy has linked HHV-6A to Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, and provides evidence for autoimmune disease associated with HHV-6A and HHV-6B.