HHV-6B infection of primary monocytes induces cell-associated and soluble PD-L1 production, increased intracellular ROS and activation of STAT1 and STAT3 pathways
Reactivation of herpesviruses demonstrated in severely ill patients with acute COVID-19
EBV, CMV, and HHV-6 reactivation were found in a small cohort of severe COVID-19 patients
HHV-6 encephalitis in 32% of pediatric leukemia patients depleted of naïve T cells
Although depleting naïve T cells has been successful in preventing acute graft vs host disease in several studies, investigators from Spain reported an unexpectedly high incidence of HHV-6 encephalitis in a cohort of haploidentical transplant patients.
Cross-sectional analysis of CD8 T cell immunity to HHV-6B identifies new targets for adoptive T cell therapy
German investigators conducted a broad scale analysis of CD8 T cell responses to HHV-6B, identifying novel epitopes with potential for immunotherapy or vaccines. The strongest responses were directed against an epitope from IE-2.
Cord blood transplant patients with early HHV-6 reactivation have a 4x greater relapse rate
Investigators at the University of Minnesota found that cord blood transplant cancer patients with HHV-6B reactivation in the first 28 days are almost 4x more likely to relapse in the first two years compared to those with no early reactivation.
Does HHV-6B reactivation impair thymic function leading to delayed immune reconstitution?
HHV-6B directly infects thymocytes, presumably affecting thymopoeisis. A review in Bone Marrow Transplantation explores the intriguing relationship between HHV-6B, T-cell reconstitution and aGVHD after allogenic hematopoietic cell transplantation.
HHV-6 viremia impairs late T-cell reconstitution in HCT
Dutch investigators found that hematopoietic cell transplant patients with high levels of HHV-6 viremia have reduced late immune reconstitution while early reconstitution was not affected.
HHV-6 shedding correlates negatively with IL-6 and other inflammatory cytokines in HIV+ patients on antiretroviral therapy
HIV+ patients on antiretrovrial therapy with high levels of HHV-6 shedding had lower levels of IL-6 and other inflammatory markers. While HIV+ patients had increased shedding of EBV and CMV, there was no difference in shedding between patients and controls for HHV-6.
Virus specific donor T cells found effective in treating HHV-6 and other viruses in Phase II clinical trial
“Off-the-shelf” donor T cells primed to fight five specific viruses were shown to be effective in a Phase 2 trial backed by Viracyte. A single infusion produced a complete or partial response rate of 92%.
HHV-6A, infertility and miscarriage: a hypothesis
Growing evidence implicates HHV-6, especially HHV-6A, in some cases of female infertility, miscarriage, and other gestational problems affecting both the mother and child. The authors of the paper wonder if heparin, an anticoagulant with antiviral properties often used to treat infertility, might mitigate the detrimental effects of HHV-6 in the uterine environment.
New study shows how HHV-6 suppresses natural killer cell function
A group from Hebrew University of Jerusalem has discovered the mechanism by cells with actively replicating HHV-6 evade elimination by natural killer (NK) cells.
Stem cell transplant patients with HHV-6 reactivation are 15X more likely to reactivate with CMV
Italian investigators found that 87% of patients with HHV-6 reactivations went on to develop a CMV infection. On the other hand, in patients who did not reactivate with HHV-6, only 33% developed an active CMV infection.
Immune reconstitution dramatically alters chance of survival in stem cell transplant patients with HHV-6 reactivation
Only 11% of HHV-6 reactivated patients with poor immune reconstitution survived compared to 63% in patients with higher levels of T cells (or over 200 CD3+ lymphocytes per microliter).
HHV-6 reactivation tied to early hypogammaglobulinemia in drug hypersensitivity syndrome
A Spanish study of drug-induced eosinophilia found that early hypogammaglobulinemia was associated with subsequent HHV-6 reactivation in patients with severe drug hypersensitivity syndromes. This study of 274 cases at La Paz University Hospital in Madrid confirms earlier reports from Japan and France that described transient reductions of total IgG at the outset of drug hypersensitivity reactions leading to HHV-6 reactivation.
Virus-specific immunotherapy for transplant patients with primary immune deficiencies
A group from Baylor College of Medicine reviewed the efficacy of treating viral infections in transplant patients with primary immunodeficiencies using their viral-specific T lymphocytes. A total of 36 patients were treated with these immunotherapy infusions before or after undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, and a complete or partial antiviral response were seen in 86% of patients with CMV, 76% of patients with EBV and all patients with adenovirus or HHV-6.
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