Unclear if viral gene expression signature confers prognostic information that is independent of host cell gene expression signatures.
HHV-6 encephalitis following CAR-T cell therapy
A growing number of case reports reveal reactivation similar to that seen after hematopoietic stem cell therapy. Could CAR-T cells be a source of lytic HHV-6?
HHV-6A promotes inflammation in astrocytoma cells by dysregulating autophagy
Infection increases ROS, induces ER stress and activates STAT3, NF-κB and mTOR pathways.
Does inherited chromosomal integration of HHV-6 at 9q increase the risk of malignancy?
A large study of iciHHV-6 integration sites found integration at 9q more common in hematologic malignancies—but the study lacked power to draw firm conclusions.
Adult patients with lower levels of anti-HHV-6 IgG are significantly more likely to experience HHV-6 reactivation following cord blood transplant
Patients with low levels of HHV-6 antibodies might benefit from treatment from IVIG or novel neutralizing antibodies before cord blood transplantation
HHV-6 encephalitis can occur in CAR T-cell therapy and biologic immunotherapy
As with chemotherapy, immunotherapies for cancer can lead to HHV-6 encephalitis
HHV-6 reactivation following haploidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplant found to predict acute graft versus host disease in China
25% of the patients with HHV-6 reactivation developed aGVHD compared to 18% in those without reactivation.
Relationships between malignant pleomorphic adenoma and herpesviruses
HHV-6B and HHV-7 DNA found in malignant tumors that derive from common salivary gland adenomas
CMV & HHV-6 cause severe complications in non-transplant acute leukemia patients
Herpesvirus co-infections, particularly HHV-6 and CMV, cause severe lymphopenia, pneumonia, and an increased risk of acquiring bacterial and fungal infections in non-transplant acute leukemia patients undergoing chemotherapy.
Co-infections of C. trachomatis and HHV-6 in ovarian cancer: casual or causal?
C. trachomatis infection activates latent HHV-6, and HHV-6 in turn promotes persistence of C. trachomatis. Both have been reported in cases of ovarian cancer, leaving the authors to wonder if a co-infection might increase the risk for developing ovarian cancer.
HHV-6 latency gene U94 has anti-cancer effects in triple-negative breast cancer cells
The U94 “latency” gene of HHV-6, interferes with breast cancer proliferation and potentiates chemotherapy.
HHV-6 DR7 found to promote glioma development and progression
A Chinese group found HHV-6 direct repeat 7 in 48% of glioma tumors. Furthermore, they determined that DR7 overexpression could promote glioma cell migration, invasion and angiogenesis. Expression profiles showed that DR7 created an inflammatory microenvironment that enhanced degradation of the extracellular matrix.
HHV-6 in Cancer: Does it play a role?
Since its discovery, HHV-6 has been studied in the context of lymphoproliferative disorders and various types of cancer. Several obstacles, particularly the ubiquitous nature of the virus, have made it difficult to determine exactly how HHV-6 might, or might not, be involved in tumor development.
Cancer related fatigue and HHV-6 & HHV-7 saliva DNA levels
Investigators from Japan looked at HHV-6 and HHV-7 DNA levels in saliva to see if they might be biomarkers for cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in multiple myeloma patients.
HHV-6+ lymph nodes can lead to a faulty cancer diagnosis
Investigators at the National Cancer Institute found that HHV-6+ lymph nodes can be identified in biopsies from both lymphadenopathy and malignancies. They warn that failing to identify HHV-6 in these biopsies can lead to misdiagnosis in lymphoma cases.